I recently contributed an article to Noodle, an educational website for students, parents, and professionals. Here is an excerpt. See the link below to read the complete article.
Consistent excessive movement is typically associated with a child who has ADHD-Hyperactive Type. And while many parents and educators consider this behavior to be a negative symptom of the disorder, researchers are learning that movement can help stimulate the networks of the brain that control attention. Individuals with ADHD generally don’t produce enough dopamine in their brains to keep them alert during normal day-to-day activities. The brain actually struggles to make connections and remain focused when it is not intrinsically interested and motivated. This attentional difficulty prompts many people to move — just to stay alert.